Autism is one of the most common developmental disabilities, and people with autism, also known as autism spectrum disorder (ASD), have differences in the way their brains develop and process information. As a result, they face significant communication, social and behavioral challenges. The signs of autism can vary greatly, but they usually revolve around impaired social skills, speech and language difficulties, nonverbal communication difficulties, and inflexible behavior. Some of the most common signs of autism include restricted or repetitive behaviors or interests, aligning toys or other objects and being altered when the order is changed, repeating words or phrases over and over (called echolalia), playing with toys the same way each time, focusing on parts of objects (e.g.
wheels), being altered by minor changes, and having obsessive interests. Autism spectrum disorder is a condition related to brain development that affects how a person perceives and socializes with others, causing problems in social interaction and communication. The disorder also includes limited and repetitive patterns of behavior. The term 'spectrum' in autism spectrum disorder refers to the wide range of symptoms and severity.
Autism spectrum disorder begins in early childhood and eventually causes problems functioning in society, at school and at work.There is no single known cause of autism spectrum disorder, but both genetics and the environment can influence it. There is no way to prevent autism spectrum disorder, but there are treatment options. Early diagnosis and intervention are very helpful and can improve behavior, skills, and language development. However, intervention is useful at any age.If you are concerned about your child's development or suspect that your child may have autism spectrum disorder, discuss your concerns with your doctor.
It is important to recognize the signs of autism early so that your child can get the help they need.